The World Health Organization said the use of Caesarean delivery, a surgical childbirth, was growing across the globe particularly for middle- and high-income countries. The world health organization said it was concerned that the life-saving surgery was being abused.
The WHO is a big supporter of the C-sections, but only when they are justified medically, because the operations can help save lives.
However, when a C-Section takes place without there being a medical need, it says that mothers and their newborns are put into risk of long- and short-term health problems.
Over the past 30 years, health experts considered the ideal rate for caesarean birth to be between 10% and 15%. However, new studies showed when the rate falls below 10%, more moms and their babies die due to not having access to intervention that saves lives. Africa is a prime example, where a linkage between the low numbers of C-sections and the high rate of mortality exists.
On the opposite side, studies show that there is not any evidence that rates of mortality improve when the C-section rate moves above 10%. Indeed, C-sections sometimes have consequences that can be very serious.
Doctors stress that C-sections are only advisable when a normal vaginal delivery will be risky to either the baby or mother, for example because of fetal distress, a prolonged labor or the position of the baby is not normal.
The healthcare industry is concerned over the big increase in the amount of C-sections that are unnecessary in both developing as well as developed nations. They say that issues of lifestyle are driving the epidemic of Caesareans.
One doctor said that it was actually easier to perform a C-section at times due to being able to plan everything. Family can be contacted and be present for the birth.
Hospitals prefer C-sections because the can organize their employees when they know how many births are scheduled. As for moms, many of them prefer a C-section because of not experiencing the pain that goes along with vaginal birth.